One of 20ths century's questionably greatest poets and writers Maya Angelou has said, "Blindness is a disease that does not affect the eyes alone." As some truths of human nature defy time and technology, the reality of this existed even in the Elizabethan era. Whether one agrees or disagrees with Shakespeare's current status, one thing that cannot be denied was his devotion to targeting the basic flaw in all "good people" that inevitably causes their downfall. Similar to all Shakespearian plays, King Lear is essentially a tale about the human flaw of faulty perception. It is this imperfection that ultimately jeopardizes the lives and sanity of each character. Lear is fundamentally portrayed as a noble man. This assessment is alluded to through various means. His kingdom exists in tranquility. He is surrounded by advisors that prove themselves to be righteous. Yet, as the play opens the audience is exposed to a new light on Lear. By splitting his kingdom, he is sure to create a civil war. By asking his daughters to profess their love for him, he is asking more of them than obvious. It seems as though the responses he receives are measurements of greed not love. He is quick to believe Regan's and Goneril's claims of all consuming love for their father, though he has raised these children. Clearly his desire to hear kind words overrides the truth. In Cordelias case, the one daughter that refuses to make a mockery out of herself and her scared bond to her father says "nothing." Lear mentions, "Nothing can come out of nothing." Unfortunately he seems to only see this in convinet cases, such as money; he ignores its literal meaning. He hastily exiles Cordelia from his kingdom. Kent tries to knock some sense into Lear and is meet with...
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Although this play is 600 years old it is as relevant today as it was when it was written maybe not in historical factual terms but in terms of the human qualities which are shown in the characters. Yes, it is very much relevant. Human personality has not changed in essentials from Shakespeare's time to the present. We recognize in his plays qualities such as avarice, greed, jealousy, deceit, cunning, selfishness, poor judgment as well as truth, honesty and loyalty. The play has already shown its significance as it stood the test of time and shown it's universal appeal as the play has been translated into many different languages. People from different cultures recognized the human qualities portrayed in this drama. The central character King Lear represents the human frailty of old age, Gonorell and Regan show cunning, selfishness and duplicity while Cordelia represents truth and honesty, Kent too after being banished by his king disguises himself and protects his ruler through his changing fortunes. In the opening scene Lear's pride and poor judgment begin this tragedy, we can identify with his role as a father trying give a third of his kingdom to each of his daughters, We see but he doesn't see the falsity of Gonorell and Regan and we recognize Cordelia to be genuine and true . However her father does not and suffers the consequences of his pride, anger and obstinacy. My collage simplifies the play into the theme of justice or good versus evil, King Lear is the pivotal point about which the factions of good such Egdar, fool, Kent, Glouster and Cordelia are juxtaposed to the agents of personal gain such as Gonorell, Regan, Edmond and Cornwall. The manifestations of evil are depicted in simple terms in star wars but this play develops the...
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There is a lot of immature love in Edmond Rostand's Cyrano de Bergerac. Immature love is a feeling that you love someone without truly knowing who he or she is and what they are like, you just love them based on looks and/or social status. When Christian sees Roxane he falls head-over-heels for her. Roxane, at first, pursued Christian based on his looks alone. Roxane was looking for an intelligent man and she found one, but what she didn't know was that she credited the wrong man for the letters she received. Deep inside Christian feels that he is doing the wrong thing, yet his immature love for Roxane over-powers it. Christian first has feelings for Roxane after seeing her in the theater. Very quickly after laying his eyes on Roxane, Christian wanted to know about her. He asked Ligniere: Christian: (look up and sees Roxane) There! Quick-up there-In the box! Look!- Ligniere: Herself? Christian: Quickly-Her name? Ligniere: Madeleine Robin, called Roxane...refined...intellectual... Christian: Ah!- Ligniere: Unmarried... Christian: Oh!- (Act 1, pgs. 13 and 14) It is obvious that Christian wants to get to know Roxane. Christian is willing to do any thing to impress her, even lie to her and he himself. Cyrano, having known Roxane for all his life, wants to marry Roxane, but he realizes she is in love with Christian. Although Cyrano is deeply in love with Roxane, he would rather be a friend with her than not speak to her at all. Christian never truly knows about Cyrano's love for Roxane. Cyrano makes many hints of his love for Roxane, but due to Christian's immature knowledge for Cyranos vocabulary, he fails to notice the hints. At the end of act 2, Christian tries to prove his nobleness by talking about Cyranos nose. Christian, knowing that Cyrano...
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Deceit is often used in politics and everyday life to acquire power and success. The theme of deceit is often repeated in Hamlet. Hamlet's hesitation in killing Claudius, and Hamlet's eventual death are a direct result of deceit in the court. Hamlet tries to deceive everyone into thinking that he is crazy. He believes that with this "antic disposition" he can kill Claudius without any consequences, and avenge his father's death. When Cladius and Polonius hear of Hamlet's madness, they decide to find out the reason behind it. They spy on Hamlet to figure out why he is acting this way. Through this Cladius learns that Hamlet is dangerous, and a threat to him. Hamlet's trickery also leads to the death of Ophelia and her father Polonius. As well as triggering Laertes to seek revenge on Hamlet for causing the death of his family. After several attempts to kill Hamlet fail, Claudius teams up with Laertes and tries to murder Hamlet once and for all. Each of these plans directly or indirectly causes Hamlet's death. After Hamlet talks to the ghost of his father, he finds out that Claudius killed him to gain the throne of Denmark. Hamlet has to get revenge by killing Claudius. To do this, he must act insane to draw away suspicion from himself. Hamlet says to Hortaio "How strange or odd some'er I bear myself as I perchance hereafter shall think meet to put an antic disposition on,"(I;v;170-172), this indicates that from this moment Hamlet will act insane. He believes this way he will be able to kill the king and get away with it. Polonius becomes aware of Hamlet's madness and wants to uncover the reason behind it. He says "Mad let us grant him then, and now remains, that we find out the...
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Throughout history novelists and playwrights have to created dysfunctional families. These families lead tragic lives. Within these families, there are both internal and external battles to be dealt. In William Shakespeare's King Lear and Eugene O'Neill's Long Day's Journey Into Night, the authors reveal truly dysfunctional families. In these plays both authors portray the problems and between each member of the family and the consequences the problems will have. In King Lear there are two families that display dysfunctions, the Lear family and the Gloucester family. Within the two families, there are many dysfunctions. In King Lear there are both major and minor dysfunctions between both the Lear family and the Gloucester family. One of the major dysfunctions in both families is filial ingratitude. Within this dysfunction is a theme of good versus evil. The minor dysfunctions of King Lear are closely related to the major dysfunction of filial ingratitude. The minor dysfunctions of the play are the tragic disrespect of authority and the pain of misjudgment. In the Lear family, the theme of filial ingratitude is shown primarily by the attitudes of Lear's elder daughters. The play primarily deals with the insanity of King Lear after he divides his kingdom between his elder daughters, Goneril and Regan. This decision was based on how much each one loved him. After he had divided his kingdom, he would spend half of his time with Goneril and the other half with Regan. His youngest daughter, Cordelia, was banished from the kingdom after she told Lear "Happily, when I shall wed, that lord whose hand must take my plight shall carry half my love with him, half my care and duty. Sure I shall never marry like my sisters, to love my father all." (I, i, 104-110) Unfortunately, his decisions to divide his...
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King Lear is one of the famous plays of Shakespeare. Its development of the plot, the mood and the character of Lear through the play made the audiences enjoy the play. The play cannot be successful without the contribution of the secondary characters. By looking at the development of the plot, the mood and the changes of character of Lear, it is obvious that Kent, the Fool and Cornwall play the important role in King Lear. First, Kent, the Fool, and Cornwall are important to the development of the plots of King Lear. Kent and the Fool are the great advisers on Lear's side, but Cornwall is the evil throughout the play. Kent is the consistent characters that helps Lear whether Lear is in power or powerless, mad and died, which he shows the persistent loyalty to Lear throughout the play. The fool is playing with his coxcomb and offers it to Lear and Kent. He states Lear as a fool after the love test and division of the Kingdom. When Lear is mad, the Fool is beside Lear and comforts him, and tries to persuade Lear to go indoor, "O nuncle, court holy-water in a dry house is better than this rain-water out o' door." (Acts three, scene two, line ten.) The Fool disappears after Act three because Lear has reached the bottom of his suffering, which the Fool cannot do anything about it. Cornwall is a duke in England and a husband of Regan. He gives himself up completely to corruption and courtly intrigue. He publishes the messenger, Kent, because of a servant conflict when he sees Lear is no longer in power. He insults Kent in the purpose of showing Lear that Lear is no longer in power like the past that people will not respect him...
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In Shakespeare's Julius Caesar, Decius Brutus and Mark Antony, both Roman Senators, eulogize Julius Caesar, each using a different technique and approach. Brutus, in a somewhat arrogant, to the point, eulogy, attempts to sway the people. He justifies conspiring against Caesar by stating that Caesar's ambition would have hurt Rome. However, in Antony's eulogy, he focuses on Caesar's positive traits, and cunningly disproves Brutus' justification for killing Caesar. The fickle Romans waver between leaders, responding emotionally, rather than intellectually, to the orators. Brutus seeks to explain why he conspired against Caesar. He begins his speech with "Romans, countrymen ...", appealing to their consciousness as citizens of Rome, who, he later says, will benefit as freeman with Caesar's death. This shows that Brutus knows how to lure the crowd, appealing to their better judgement as Romans. He declares that he is an honorable man, and tells them that he will let them judge the validity of his claims. That is, he will allow the truth to speak for itself. This encourages the crowd to believe him, as an honorable man. He says that he wants them to know the facts; "Censure me in your wisdom, and awake your senses that you may the better judge." Sharing information with the people is flattering and it almost guarantees acceptance. He gets their sympathy by saying that he loved Caesar, daring the people to find anyone who loved Caesar more. Brutus declares that he never wronged Caesar, that he cried for Caesar's love, was happy for his greatness, honored him for his courage, but had to kill him because of Caesar's ambition. He says that the reason for killing Caesar was his great love for Rome. He justifies his actions by saying that he loved Caesar but, "Not that I loved Caesar less, but...
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Examination of Fantasy in "The Tempest" Throughout Shakespeare's "The Tempest," fantasy does more than reality in curbing character's decisions. Nearly all realities change following the story's climax due to fantasy replacing reality. The love between Ferdinand and Miranda is the only relationship in the work not totally reliant upon magic for its existence. Prospero's fake tempest begins the story not only textually, but also chronologically. The rest of the story flows from this one act of magic. This storm allows for the circumstantial positioning of the characters so that Prospero may have his way with them. While Prospero purposefully separates the stranded men into preconceived groups, reality still has its way through Miranda and Ferdinand's intense love-at-first-sight. There is no evidence pointing to Prospero's knowing beforehand that Ferdinand and Miranda would fall in love. The most pressing issue on Prospero's agenda is his reinstatement as the Duke of Milan. To achieve this end, he takes advantage of perfect circumstances and uses magic to convolute reality beyond his initial fantastic storm. By accident most strange, bountiful Fortune (Now, my dear lady) hath mine enemies Brought to this shore; and by my prescience I find my zenith doth depend upon A most auspicious star, whose influence If now I court not, but omit, my fortunes Will ever after droop. (I.2 178-184) Through an unnatural apparition, he uses his sorcery to drive his foes, (Antonio, Sebastian and Alonso), to madness, as explained by one of King Alonso's trusted advisors. All three of them are desperate: their great guilt, Like poison given to work a great time after, Now 'gins to bite the spirits. I do beseech you, That are of suppler joints, follow them swiftly And hinder them from what this ecstasy May now provoke them to. (IV.1 105-109) Once Prospero eventually releases...
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"A pair of star-cross'd lovers," (prologue, line 6). Since the opening of the play, Romeo and Juliet were destined to die. Throughout each act and throughout each scene, from constant foreshadowing and ill omens, even Romeo and Juliet knew their tragic fate. As much as the two lovers wanted to be together, all their efforts and the efforts of others were purely futile, and as much as everyone wanted to blame others, only fate is to blame. It is a common belief that both Romeo and Juliet's parents are at fault, for keeping the family feud going, or that Romeo and Juliet's haste is to blame, or that the Friar and the Nurse shouldn't have concealed Romeo and Juliet's marriage, and that they affected the unfortunate end of the two lovers. However, during the play, fate and fortune are mentioned numerous times and are obviously the deciding factors in the tragedy. "These violent delights have violent ends," (Act 2, scene 6, line 9) "I dreamt my love came and found me dead" (Act 5, scene 1, line 6) "…For my mind misgives/Some consequence yet hanging in the stars/" (Act 1 scene 4, lines 106-107) Even the sequence that allows Romeo to meet Juliet in the first place is completely coincidental. Only because Romeo bumped into a servant, who couldn't read, who happened to have the list of guests, which included Rosaline, and because of Benvolio's comment, did Romeo end up attending the Capulet ball. This may have been the first step that caused the deaths of Romeo and Juliet, since by attending the ball, Romeo meets Juliet and also is sighted by Tybalt. From there, Tybalt, determined to kill Romeo, forces the brawl in which he and Mercutio are killed, causing Romeo's banishment. Eventually, each subsequent action leads to the...
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We see King Lear's first foolish mistake in the way he decides to divide his kingdom in three parts. He believes that he can keep his title, and with it all the benefits of being King even after he abdicates. We see even more foolishness in the way he judges his daughters' characters and misinterprets their words. The way in which he chooses to share his lands is another obvious indication of his lack of common sense. In giving his daughter the "love test" he shows how he is impressed by the big words Reagan and Gonnoreil display and fails to understand Cordelia's message. Had he never spoken to his daughters before? It is obvious that he had little knowledge concerning his daughters' true nature. Lear banishes Cordelia because he believed she was disrespecting him, and he also dismisses Kent for defending Cordelia. His poor judgment leads to tragic consequences, by sending those who care for him away he is left at the mercy of his enemies. He thrusts the wrong people and in doing so he condemns those who care about him. Lear is a fool, and his fool is a wise man, this contrast emphasizes on the fact that appearance is deceitful. Lear judges people from the first impression they give him, and ignores those who would help him. The fool represents wisdom and the king is a fool. Lear's inability to listen to what those around him have to say may well be considered one of his foolish traits. Had he paid any attention to what people really intended with their words and actions. As a result of Lear's mindless actions many suffer. Lear seems to be cursed by fate and he brings misfortune to those around him. Gloucester, Kent, Cordelia and the fool are all innocent,...
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Explore and compare the ways that Shakespeare presents prince Hal and Hotspur in this play? In this play Shakespeare goes into particular detail with two of the younger characters, Prince Hal and Hotspur. Throughout the play we hear about Hotspur, his personal qualities, bravery, charm and humour. We learn of his views on honour, but we also learn of his lack of realism, his rashness and lack of political acumen. We see Prince Hal's wit and humour, political acumen and signs of genuine redemption and we realise he is worthy of kingship. Throughout the play we witness Hotspur's fall from grace and how it coincides with Hal's gradual ascendancy. Hotspur's rise and fall is largely linked to the turnout of important events in the play. Hotspur showed personal qualities that were rare in a person. He was generous, energetic and honourable. These qualities gained him respect and admiration from his peers and made him a natural born leader, although he had numerous bad qualities that contributed to his downfall. In the opening section of the play Shakespeare presents Hotspur as being more honourable and more worthy of royalty than Prince Hal. He begins this play at the height of his achievements but his progress gradually declines, until Prince Hal finally kills him in the battle for the throne in Act 5 Scene 4 Lines 76-79, Shakespeare portrays him in a negative way; "I better brook the loss of brittle life Than those proud titles thou hast won of me They wound me thoughts worse than a sword my flesh" Coinciding with Hotspur's downfall comes the redemption of Prince Hal who in Act 5 Scene 4 Lines 61-62 states; "Why then I see A very important rebel of that name" Here Prince Hal shows that his character is maturing; he is...
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Many twists and turns characterize the television soap operas of today. Subplots are a distinctive trait of these daylight dramas, for they keep audience on the edge of their seats. Subplots keep the material fresh and the audience wanting more. Shakespeare uses secondary plots as a literary device to greatly dramatize the action of the play and to spark a contrast to his underlying themes in King Lear. The secondary plots can incalculably improve the effect of dramatic irony and suspense. The effective usage of subplots in King Lear, as a form of parallelism, exhibits analogous traits of prominent characters. Using such literary device permits the audience to understand the emotions of the essential characters in the play. The magnificent similarity of different plots and characters can illustrate Shakespeare's perfect use of parallelism in King Lear. Parallelism is greatly enhanced by the use of subplots, for it creates emphasis and suspense. The parallel between Lear and Gloucester displayed in the play cannot possibly be accidental. The subplot of Gloucester corresponds the major plot of Lear. The two fathers have their own loyal legitimate child, and their own evil and disloyal kin. Gloucester and Lear are both honorable men, who have children that return to them in their time of need, and are sightless to the truth. Like Lear, Gloucester is tormented, and his favored child recovers his life; he is tended and healed by the child whom he has wronged. Their sufferings are traceable to their extreme folly and injustice, and to a selfish pursuit of their pleasure. In the early beginning of King Lear, Cordelia says that her love for her father is the love between father and daughter, no more, no less. "Unhappy that I am, I cannot heave My heart into my mouth: I love your majesty...
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Jealousy in "Much Ado About Nothing" and "Midsummer's Night Dream" Throughout both "Much Ado About Nothing" and "Midsummer's Night Dream," much jealousy is demonstrated. Not only do Claudio, in "Much Ado About Nothing," and Oberon in "Midsummer's Night Dream" become jealous with the woman they love, but they actually will succumb to revenge, embarrassment and rage to try to over come their jealously. Even though by the ending of both of the plays both characters get what they want, they have a constant battle with jealously to get there. Claudio, a very highly decorated general, arrives home from battle to Messina to greet Leonato, the governor, who is pleased with his accomplishments. In no time at all, Claudio meets Leonato's daughter Hero, falls madly in love with her, and confesses his love to his dear friend Benedict. In no time, Don Pedro, leader of the army finds out this news and promises to woo Hero for Claudio. Leonato is also informed of Claudio's love for his daughter, and is delighted to know that Don Pedro will woo his daughter for Claudio, and sends Don Pedro to tell Claudio that, when asked, Hero will accept his hand in marriage. This is where all the trouble begins. Don John, Don Pedro's bastard brother, also hears all the news about how his brother will woo Hero for Claudio. Since Don John despises Claudio, he devises a plan to make Claudio think that Don Pedro is wooing Hero for himself. Don John does all of this with the help of Borachio. The two tell Claudio that Don Pedro plans to steal Hero for himself and Claudio becomes crushed and jealous. A good example of how he acts upon rage is when Benedict comes to invite Claudio outside, but Claudio refuses and snaps at Benedict,...
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William Shakespeare's play, The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, is mainly based on the assassination of Julius Caesar. The character who was in charge of the assassination was, ironically, Marcus Brutus, a servant and close friend to Julius Caesar. But what would cause a person to kill a close friend? After examining Brutus' relationship to Caesar, his involvement in the conspiracy, and his importance to the plot, the truth can be revealed. Marcus Brutus, a servant and close friend to Caesar, has a strong relationship with Caesar but a stronger relationship with Rome and its people. Brutus is very close to Caesar. In Roman times, the only way for someone to get close to a person of high rank is if he/she is close to him/her. In many points of the play, Brutus was talking and next to Caesar. Brutus also loves Caesar but fears his power. In the early acts of the play, Brutus says to Cassius, "What means this shouting? I do fear the people do choose Caesar for their king...yet I love him well."(act 1, scene 2, ll.85-89), as he is speaking to Cassius. Brutus loves Caesar, but would not allow him to "climber-upward...He then unto the ladder turns his back..."(act 2, scene 1, ll.24,26). As the quote says, Brutus would not allow Caesar to rise to power and then turn his back onto the people of Rome. After the assassination of Julius Caesar, Brutus talks to Antony about Caesar's death. "Our hearts you see not; they are pitiful; and pity to the general wrong of Rome..."(act 3, scene 1, ll.185-186). Brutus says that Antony cannot see their(members of the conspiracy) hearts, which are full of pity. Again, this shows how Brutus loved Caesar but cared for the life of Rome and its people more. This is the...
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A tragic hero often has three important characteristics; his superiority which makes his destruction seem more tragic, his goodness which arouses pity, and his tragic flaws. In the Tragedy of Julius Caesar, Brutus is an excellent example of a hero with tragic flaws. Brutus is superior because of his close friendship with powerful Caesar and because of his popularity with the people. The conspirators need Brutus to join the conspiracy because of his friendship with Caesar and his popularity among the people. Brutus' idealism and goodness are evident throughout the play; he sees only the goodness in people and naively believes others are as honorable as he. Even his enemy, Mark Antony, comments on these traits at the end of the play: "This was the noblest Roman of them all." Brutus' tragic flaws are idealism, honor, and poor judgment which are taken advantage of at first by Cassius and later by Mark Antony. Brutus' major flaw is his idealism, his belief that people are basically good. His first misjudgment of character is of Casca who he believes should not be taken too seriously. Cassius disagrees and states that Casca just puts on this appearance: "However he puts on this tardy form. This rudeness is a sauce to his good wit, which gives men stomach to disgest his words with better appetite." Brutus' next miscalculation of character involves Cassius' motives. Brutus believes that Cassius wants to assassinate Caesar for the good of Rome, while Cassius truly wants power and a Rome not under Caesar's control. Cassius manipulates gullible Caesar with flattery of Brutus' ancestors and of his honor. At the same time, Cassius points out Caesar's weaknesses: his deafness, his epileptic fits, and lack of swimming ability. Brutus continues his misjudgment when he reads the bogus letters and believes that these...
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In William Shakespeare's tragic play Julius Caesar, an under appreciated factor of flattery and persuasion plays an important role in the choices of the leaders. Cassius uses flattery with Brutus. Decius uses flattery with Caesar, and Antony uses flattery with Brutus. Cassius persuades and flatters Brutus. Cassius knows that Caesar would do harm to Rome if he became leader. Brutus would be a powerful force in the conspirator's movement to kill Caesar before Caesar becomes king and destroys Rome. Cassius really needs Brutus on his side, so in order to persuade Brutus, he uses lots of flattery. Whenever Cassius talks to Brutus he throws in "good Brutus", "gentle Brutus" or "dear Brutus" to make Brutus feel comfortable and confident. He also uses overlooked flattery when speaking to Brutus. Cassius realizes all his sweet talk has done well when he responds to Brutus with "I am glad/That my weak words have struck but thus much show of fire from Brutus" (I, ii, 175-177). By this, he means that his words have lit a flame, or triggered a though in "the great" Brutus's head. Decius uses flattery and persuasion when speaking to Brutus. Decius is an active member of the Conspirators so he is very motivated into getting Caesar to go to the Senate House. The first thing that Decius says when he walks into Caesar's house is "Caesar, all hail! Good morrow, worthy Caesar" (II, ii, 58). Decius also goes on and calls Caesar "most mighty". Decius is already on Caesar's good side. After catching up on Calphurnia's dream, he uses his quick wit to distort Calphurnia's foreshadowing dream by saying it is "mis-interpreted". He explains that the dream "Signifies that from (Caesar) Rome shall suck/Reviving blood, and that great men shall press/for tinctures, stains, relics, and cognizance" (II, ii, 87-89)....
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Mark Antony, in the play The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, was a brave, intelligent, pleasure-loving, and cunning man. He was loyal to his friend, Caesar, whom he considered a true friend. He looked at life as a game in which he had a signified part to play, and played that part with excellent refinement and skill. Antony was devoted and preferred to be dependent upon Julius Caesar since he rather have enjoyed life than to claim the highest position in the government. He wanted the crown to be given to Caesar so that all conflicts could be avoided. However, this additional power contributed to the conspirator's motive to assassinate him. Antony was distraught with Caesar's death and sought revenge first by speaking to the crowd in his speech. He showed how clever and cunning he could be when he convinced the crowd at Caesar's funeral ceremony to side with him and not with the murderers. The people became excited and rowdy when he teased them about the will, waving it in the air and pretending as if he was not going to read it. Reverse psychology is used when he first pretends to respect the conspirators calling them honorable men, and then slowly proving that they are not. He speaks out against them because he wanted power for himself, and unlike Brutus, he is politically ambitious and so believes that if he can take control while the state is in turmoil, he will remain in power. He was alone in making this oration, yet he was confidant in himself and courageous. Rome began to collapse once Caesar was killed, and Antony was left without anyone to trust. He did not want to side with the conspirators whom he valued slightly. However, he felt his duty was to carry on Caesar's...
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All people have definite concepts of self. In different situations, one may feel short, tall, smart, slow, fast, talkative, reserved, etceteras. These self-concepts are usually very different than how others opinions of us. Depending on one's actions, words or even tone of voice, one may misrepresent oneself and be misinterpreted. One may be so arrogant or so humble that they prevent themselves from seeing themselves through others' eyes. In William Shakespeare's play Julius Caesar, two main characters, Julius Caesar and Marcus Brutus, present different personas- one being each characters actual self-characterizations, which we learn through their discussions with others, and another is how they are actually perceived in the eyes of others. Their inability to project their true motives in performing certain actions eventually brings about their tragic downfalls. Julius Caesar believed that people needed one strong ruler in order to have maximum production and proper function of a society. He believed that he possessed many, if not all, of the characteristics required of a great leader. He spoke to others in a way which he believed exhibited authority, told people why he should be the one to lead them, and thought that his own advice was best. His unwillingness to listen to others is received as arrogance. Though already warned by the soothsayer to "beware the ides of March," Caesar refuses to heed advice to stay home from Calpurnia, his wife, because he feels that she is trying to keep him from obtaining power and status. Calpurnia believes Caesar to be a prince and is convinced that some falling meteors are warnings of a prince's death. When she hears her husband boast that he is more dangerous than danger itself, she recognizes that this is simple arrogance, and tells him so, saying, "Alas, my lord/ Your wisdom is consumed...
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William Shakespeare, renowned worldwide as one of the greatest playwrights of all time, was a man who was captivated by history. He wrote a number of histories for previous kings of England, including Richard the Lionheart, Henry VIII, and King John, but it is for his tragedies, which he is best known. Shakespearean tragedies manage to convey more than they intend to in their study of life and its essential futility, and are by far Shakespeare's most acclaimed works. From HAMLET to ROMEO AND JULIET, Shakespeare's classic plays concerning the great inevitable are arguably his best. JULIUS CAESAR is no exception. The real Julius Caesar was a man of great compassion who desired power, but above all, wanted to see the citizens of Rome prosper. After defeating the armies of Pompey and gaining control of all of Rome, Caesar began to institute changes intended for the betterment of the Roman society, and quickly became beloved by his citizens. Unfortunately, his forgiving nature misled him into pardoning and later befriending a former ally of Pompey's named Marcus Brutus. Caesar placed Brutus in several positions of power within the Republic, and trusted the young man above all his allies. Brutus soon began planning the assassination of Caesar with another holder of high office named Cassius. He felt that the power Caesar held would go to the dictator's head, and in the case of a weaker man, this would have been true, but certainly not Caesar. Why would a man who twice refused a crown upon its offering in rapid succession begin to misuse his power and let it get the better of him? The conspirators, however, let this not get in the way of their hunger for power, merely disguised as concern for the welfare of all of Rome. Despite some misgivings,...
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Throughout Julius Caesar, Brutus's actions have very extensive ramifications, I wish to review his actions, and the motivating factors behind those actions. I intend to prove that Brutus had a strong and well grounded personae. He had good intentions; however, he made one fatal mistake and that was his downfall. He had many positive qualities. I wish to bring these to the light and delve into how they affected the plot. Brutus is a very sincere man. He truly believes that his role in Cassius's assassination plot is for the good of Rome and her citizens. This becomes very apparent when he says, "But for the general. He would be crown'd: How that might change his nature, there's the question." (Act 2, Scene 1, Lines 12-14) This truly innocent way of thinking allows him to be persuaded by Cassius to go against Caesar. He is also an honest man. He refuses to take a bribe in lines 75-78 of Act 4, Scene 3. "By any indirection: I did send to you for gold to pay my legions, which you denied me: was that done like Cassius?" This is an honesty that gained him the respect of the people. Brutus was a naive man as well. Sincerity is often misconstrued as being naive; however, I will treat each as a separate characteristic. Brutus's naive spirit is mostly shown not in one single action, but in the overall willingness he has to believe that those around him are essentially good. "Only be patient till we have appeased the multitude, beside themselves with fear, and then we will deliver you the cause why I, that did love Caesar when I struck him, have thus proceeded." (Act 3, Scene 1, Lines 179-183); And also when he said: "So fare you well at once; for...
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