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Crime and Punishment in the Victorian England Crime is an act or omission forbidden by law and punishable upon conviction. This includes public offenses often classified as treason, felony, and misdemeanor. And, punishment is an act of punishing. To punish somebody is to afflict somebody with pain, loss, or suffering. The nineteenth century was the pivotal period of change in England in the treatment of criminals. In that period, public opinion began to turn against the barbaric severity of hanging laws. One slight indication of the change in the peoples' attitude was that public execution failed as an attraction of the fashionable throng. Hangings were left for the pleasure of the low drunken mob. In the early nineteenth century, more than 200 capital crimes were recognized. As a result, 1000 or more persons were sentenced to death each year. The death penalty was commonly authorized for a wide variety of crimes. During the reign of George III, more capital offences were placed on the Statue Book than under all the other kings and queens together. Stealing goods worth 40 shillings was still grand larceny punishable by death. Children were still hanged for these offences. A girl of seven was hanged in Lynn for setting fire to a house. In 1801, 13-year-old Andrew Banning was executed for breaking into a house and stealing a spoon. Efforts to abolish the death penalty did not gather momentum until the commencement of reform movement. In London, in 1829, only 24 hangings for offences other than murder took place. Nearly 3,000 people were committed for the capital crimes of house breaking and burglary in a single year, but only eight were hanged. Out of 1,601 persons who were sentenced to death in 1831, only 52, including 12 murderers, were hanged. England repealed most of the death penalty but...
pages: 5 (words: 1310)
comments: 1
added: 12/01/2011
Essay # 3 Crime and Punishment Crime and Punishment for as long as I recall just go together. When you were a child you did something wrong like a crime you immediately got punished. Then when children get older the word crime and punishment gets a more serious edge. If we commit a crime we get punished as of stealing, DUI's, and disobeying laws of all sorts. But crime comes in all sorts of shapes and sizes there are many sorts of crimes to commit. But in the end who defines what is and is not a crime? The law sets rules and regulations and most of the time if you do not abide by the rules it is a crime, but then who decides punishment? A judge or jury decides the fitting punishment most of the time. But there are always certain circumstances to a crime, so what happens the when life or death are on the line? Is it really fair? I believe these two selections from our textbook show great definitions of compassion and sympathy for criminals and that maybe not every crime has the fitted punishment. The story "A Crime of Compassion" brings up many viewpoints as far as the publics opinion goes. I would have to agree that most people have a right to die, because if anyone was in that type of a miserable situation and in unbearable pain they would pry chose to pull the plug. In this story a person can feel the sympathy and compassion from the nurse to Mac, I believe it would be hard not to feel sympathetic in her position. This story really displays the affection and frustration she is feeling throughout those six months. For her to be charged with murder is truly fabricated. I believe it was unjust...
pages: 4 (words: 1003)
comments: 0
added: 01/06/2012
The setting- name the time and place – note any symbolism if any – study the history of that period, for example, St. Petersburg in Russia at the end of the 19th century to perceive the world view of people at that time 1. St. Petersburg, Russia – Crime and Punishment was written in 1886. At the time the novel was written, St. Petersburg had been the nation's capital. St. Petersburg stands on the River Neva. This period covers one of the most active and changing periods in Russian history until the communist revolution. There were many radical ideas coming into Russia from Western European countries, especially France and Germany. Raskolnikov is a young liberal who has new and radical ideas. The author, Dostoiesky, believed that salvation was in the hands of Russia and would eventually rise to dominate the world. There is symbolism within using St. Petersburg. First like Raskolnikov, St. Petersburg is going threw constant changes. Second they both have a high status. Raskolnikov believes he is an extraordinary man while St. Petersburg is the capital of Russia. Finally, they are both having turmoil. Raskolnikov must face the torture from his sin. St. Petersburg faces turmoil through the radical ideas seeping into the capital. Other settings 2. Hay Market – where Raskolnikov finds out that Alyóna Ivánovna will be alone in her flat. 3. The police station – where Raskolnikov confesses his crime 4. Praskóvya Pavlóna's lodge – Raskolnikov's flat 5. Amália Ryodoróvna's lodge – Marmeladov famlily's flat 6. Kapernaúmov's lodge – Sonia's flat The point of view – this pertains to point of view in the novel and in what Oedipus does and says in the play The narrator is telling the story of Raskolnikov. Thus, the story is in third person because the narrator refers to the main character as "he." The narrator refrains from making...
pages: 14 (words: 3648)
comments: 1
added: 10/27/2011
'Tis a stated fact that the physical environment surrounding a living creature has a profound impact on their mind, attitude, charisma, integrity, and basically all the key essentials that makes that creature unique from all others. What Dostoyevsky did in the novel, Crime and Punishment, was make the surrounding environment of St. Petersburg, Russia, during the 1850s, be a noticeably decaying place of both moral and virtue and with this theme of the city being in a constant downward spiral, the author was able to reflect the protagonist's psyche, Rodion Romanovich Raskolnikov, based off of this environment. With the morality of St. Petersburg slowly crumbling day by day because of how wretched and vile this hive filled with scum, villainy, poverty, smut, and drunkenness was, it could easily be compared to the same of Raskolnikov's mental state and moral values. Although, Raskolnikov's mental state is going down the drain like the rest of society, he still thinks very highly of himself and is made to believe that he is above everyone else because he considers his murder of Alyona to be completely justified. Ultimately, Raskolnikov's murders end up being just one big mind game and testing his abilities to see how long he can truly last before confessing his sins, which leads to Raskolnikov being singled-out by nearly every character in the novel. The comparison of St. Petersburg and Raskolnikov's feeble-minded brain can be considered as one in the same. St. Petersburg has all of the requirements of a city to be considered one that is in a state of depression and in a rapid declination because of the poverty, prostitution, and alcoholism (because of that famous Russian vodka). While within the city limits, Raskolnikov practically has no way of escaping the city because he himself is part of the financially-challenged...
pages: 5 (words: 1271)
comments: 0
added: 12/14/2011
Crime and Punishment Essay Many people in today's society have an angel on one shoulder and a devil on another. For instance, people wonder whether to run a red light because no one else is around. They will sit there having this battle in their head on whether to go or not. Raskolnikov had this same problem. The only difference between Raskolnikov and society is that Raskolnikov didn't have the problem deciding whether to run a red light or not, but the problem of something much larger, murder. Even though he commits the murder, his good side wins out. You can see Raskolnikov's bad side when he is sitting in the bar listening to the two men talk about murdering the old woman. This is an example of his "devil side" because he states how he was just thinking the same thing that the two men were. They were thinking about how the old woman being murdered would be the best for the people. The men, along with Raskolnikov, felt this way because the old woman was rich and no one would really miss her. They thought that all her money could be given to the poor. Raskolnikov's bad side was really eating at him at this point in the novel. His good side however tried to intervene and say that he could never do anything of that sort and was just stupid for thinking of it. His good (angel) side stays with him, even as he plots the murder. The whole time he is thinking about how he won't actually go through with it and that it is just like a game. Unfortunately his bad side wins this war. He ends up killing the old woman and then her sister. Raskolnikov's good side doesn't give up. It torments him for the rest of...
pages: 2 (words: 505)
comments: 0
added: 01/23/2012
3. The summary of the report The aim of this report was to understand the different views and opinions on crime and punishment. To find out how punishment has changed through the ages and why different cultures see some crimes more serious than others and why some countries allow the death penalty as an acceptable punishment but others see it as inhumane murder. I used various resources to complete this report. I used 3 or 4 different library books and browsed through a lot of different internet sites also conducted a 20 question survey. I believe my findings on the report were quite conclusive as after i had researched the topic and heard both arguements for and against there was really only one choice and that is for the abolishment of capital punishment. 4. Introduction I did a report on crime and punishment more so the death penalty as I find it very interesting that different cultures and society's have different for the same crime. Also it has recently been in the media with the Bali bomber Amrozi on trial and has been convicted of terrorism and sentenced to death. For the past decades capital punishment has been one of the most hotly contested political issues in Australia if not the world. This debate is a complicated one. I have realised I don't have an opinion as I don't know much about the whole process and wanted to research the issue. 5. Main Body Should Capital Punishment be Abolished? 5.1 Capital punishment has been part of the criminal justice system since the earliest of times. But opponents have argued that the death penalty is racist, economically unjustified, and in violation of basic human rights. However, today much of the debate over capital punishment is about whether it is morally right to sentence a person who has committed a serious...
pages: 5 (words: 1202)
comments: 0
added: 12/20/2011
"But if such a one is forced for the sake of his idea to step over a corpse or wade through blood, he can, I maintain, find himself, in his conscience, a sanction for wading through blood…" With these words, Dostoevsky, author of Crime and Punishment, gives the reader a clear look at the type of ideas which fill the mind of his main character. Raskolnikov, the protagonist, sums up his overtaking beliefs in this quote that he derives from Nietzsche's philosophy. Dostoevsky develops Raskolnikov as being completely engulfed by a theory which believes that "the rearing of a human species higher and stronger than that which surrounds us, even if this could only be achieved by the sacrifice of masses of such men as we know, would be a great, a real progress." Raskolniknov believes he is part of this superior race and his feelings of supremacy isolate him from others in society, even his family. Raskolnikov is an individual alienated from society who justifies his vain actions by a superhuman theory. Through background information, the author explains to his audience that Raskolnikov is a student at the university in St. Petersburg but drops out because he becomes mentally overwhelmed by his contemplations of murder. Through use of an article Raskolnikov writes in the newspaper, the antagonist of the story becomes aware of Raskolnikov's justifications. Dostoevsky uses an argument between protagonist and antagonist to unveil Raskolnikov's philosophy. In this altercation, Raskolnikov says, "…Solon, Mahomet, Napoleon, and so on…these benefactors and leaders of humanity were guilty of terrible carnage. I maintain that all great men or even men a little out of the common, capable of giving a new word, must from their very nature be criminals." With these thoughts, Dostoevsky reveals Raskolnikov's true preoccupations with Nietzsche's philosophy. He develops the...
pages: 3 (words: 736)
comments: 0
added: 12/14/2011
Crime and Punishment Journal Part 1 At this point in the novel Raskolnikov's character does not seem to be up to the full potential of an "extraordinary man". Raskolnikov's appearance was worse then shabby, "he was so badly dressed that even a man accustomed to shabbiness would have been ashamed to be seen in the streets with such rags." (2). Also he is not a stable man because he has grown a habit of talking to himself, and his conscience is always second-guessing himself, also showing that his mind is not in the right state to be an "extraordinary man" and take the next step. He does not believe it himself that he is up to the challenge of killing the old pawn broker. He even had doubt about killing the pawnbroker during his experiment; he still believed it was a crime. In addition, Raskalnikov's dream about the horse being tortured when he was little shows it has always been kind of an instinct inside of Raskolnikov to help others in need. His first reaction when he sees a person in distress is to help no matter what the cost for him, such as when he gave money to Marmeladov even though he could not afford it and giving money for the wasted girl to get a cab even though the money did not go to the cab fair. This shows that Raskolnikov plans to help were not prepared well enough to come out the way he wanted. Such as the murder of the old pawnbroker, Raskolnikov was still ill and becoming delirious yet he was so eager to step over that he went through with the plan unprepared, which he realizes after the murder. So as of this point Raskalnikov's character could be characterized as a "wanna-be extraordinary man", or an...
pages: 7 (words: 1816)
comments: 0
added: 01/20/2012
Religion is found throughout the world, varying by culture, history, and ethnicity. Within different religions there are contrasting beliefs that people hold for different aspects of one's given faith. Crime and Punishment, written by Fyodor Dostoevsky in the 1800s, is a novel describing the internal battle that the main character, Raskolnikov, experiences after committing two murders. His religious values are influenced by the various characters he encounters, often paralleled as Biblical figures, and their beliefs about the road to take in order to reach salvation. He meets a man who believes suffering will bring atonement for his sins, a woman who chooses to take the moral high road, and notices for the first time a relative's belief in self-sacrifice and love. Through his interactions with orthodox Christians differ on certain religious views, and those who choose to reject religion altogether, Raskolnikov learns of the true gateway to heaven and that the basic purpose of religion is to give hope. Throughout Crime and Punishment, Raskolnikov struggles with his conscious and feelings of guilt as he travels on the road to eventual redemption through the love of another and acceptance of his guilt. Several religious beliefs regarding redemption in Christianity are displayed throughout Crime and Punishment to show that the true way to redemption is through love for others. Some believe that redemption is achieved through suffering and can lead to hope for a better future. At the beginning of Crime and Punishment, Raskolnikov encounters a drunk named Marmeladov who used his money to buy drinks instead of taking care of his family. His argument is that God will erase the many sins he has committed, such as not taking care of his family and not doing anything to keep his young daughter out of prostitution. He stated that God would forgive his...
pages: 5 (words: 1225)
comments: 0
added: 02/15/2012
‘Madame Bovary', written by Gustave Flaubert (1857), and ‘Crime and Punishment', written by Fyodor Dostoevsky (1866)‘The women in these novels only come to life through loving the men'. Discuss, making reference to your course texts. Both 'Madame Bovary', written by Gustave Flaubert (1857), and 'Crime and Punishment', written by Fyodor Dostoevsky (1866) are products of western culture of the nineteenth century. Both authors are men writing from within a fiercely patriarchal society. Patriarchy is a social system of rule that ensures the dominance of men and the subsequent subservience of women. In this society relationships between men and women are built on inequality. However, patriarchy goes much further than this; not only does it involve the subordination of women, but it is also a social process or conditioning whereby women come to accept in their own thinking the idea of male superiority. From this position it is easy to see how 'women in these novels only come to life through loving the men'. Both these authors appear to consider this concept in different ways. Flaubert seems to accept that women aspire to be their idealised images penned by men and creates an environment of reality whereby the absurdity of the 'romantic novel' can be exposed. Dostoevsky shows how such a system can be equally as damaging for men. In 'Madame Bovary'1 Flaubert creates a bored, middle class, wife of a doctor, living in desperately dull circumstances in a provincial French setting. Emma Bovary is the daughter of a spendthrift farmer, Monsieur Rouault, who, though he seems to show much affection for his daughter, marries her off to Charles Bovary, a man he thinks 'rather puny' as 'she is of little use to him in the house' and Charles would 'strike no hard bargain in the matter of a dowry.'(Page 21). Madame Bovary...
pages: 10 (words: 2505)
comments: 1
added: 12/05/2011
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